- Start the virtual machine and boot the installation media. The below screen will be shown and go with ” Install Oracle Linux 7.2“
- Select the language which you want use during the installation process. Click on “Continue” at the bottom of the screen.
- The below screen will be shown and complete the marked items before going to next step. By selecting the icons, make changes according to your requirement.
- By selecting the Installation Destination you will be presented with below screen. If you are happy to use automatic partitioning of the whole disk, click the Done button to return to the previous screen. Otherwise select I will configure partition and click on Done button at the top of window.
- Here customize your disk partition by selecting the Standard partition from the drop down menu. Click on ‘+‘ to add partitions.
Here the swap space in Linux is used when the amount of physical memory (RAM) is full. If the system needs more memory resources and the RAM is full, inactive pages in memory are moved to the swap space. While swap space can help machines with a small amount of RAM, it should not be considered a replacement for more RAM. Swap space is located on hard drives, which have a slower access time than physical memory. Swap space can be a dedicated swap partition (recommended), a swap file, or a combination of swap partitions and swap files. Swap should equal 2x physical RAM for up to 2 GB of physical RAM, and then an additional 1x physical RAM for any amount above 2 GB, but never less than 32 MB. You can have different partitions like root , home etc.
A root partition:
This is where “/” (the root directory) is located. In this setup, all files (except those stored in /boot) are on the root partition. A 3.0 GB partition allows you to install a minimal installation, while a 5.0 GB root partition lets you perform a full installation, choosing all package groups.
A Swap partition:
Swapping is necessary for two important reasons.
When the system requires more memory than is physically available, the kernel swaps out less used pages and gives memory to the current application (process) that needs the memory immediately.
A significant number of the pages used by an application during its startup phase may only be used for initialization and then never used again. The system can swap out those pages and free the memory for other applications or even for the disk cache.
A home partition:
To store user data separately from system data, create a dedicated partition within a volume group for the /home directory. This will enable you to upgrade or reinstall Red Hat Enterprise Linux without erasing user data files.
Click on Done button and Accept the changes in the next screen.
- By selecting the Software Selection in the Installation Summary screen you will be presented with the below screen. Here select the Base environment and the required packages. Click on Done button.
- After configuring your requirements click on the button “Begin installation” to start the installation process in the Installation Summary screen.
- The installation process will continue as show in below. Here you must provide root password and optionally you can create a user by selecting the respective fields. Provide the password for system root user and wait for the installation to complete.
- On the installation complete screen click on the Reboot button at the bottom.
- Accept the licence information by clicking on the Licence Information field.
- Click on Finish Configuration button at the bottom.
- The welcome screen will be shown and enter the username and password to login to the system.
- Select the System Language form the list.
- Select the Keyboard Language.
- Select the timezone and Click on ‘Next‘.
- Click on the button “Start using Oracle Linux server“.
- The desktop screen will be shown as below and the system is now ready for use.
This completes the installation procedure.